Magnesium during pregnancy is important for almost every system in your body – and your baby’s body. Depending on your age, you need anywhere from 350 to 400 milligrams of magnesium every day while you’re pregnant. It’s pretty easy to get your daily requirement with a healthy, varied diet.
Is it safe to take magnesium supplements while pregnant?
Deficiency in this mineral during pregnancy may increase the risk of chronic hypertension and premature labor. Some studies suggest that supplementing with magnesium may reduce the risk of complications like fetal growth restriction and preterm birth.
Can magnesium hurt a fetus?
In a baby, magnesium toxicity can cause low muscle tone. This is caused by poor muscle control and low bone density. These conditions can put a baby at greater risk for injuries, such as bone fractures, and even death.
What kind of magnesium is safe during pregnancy?
Magnesium Supplements: 125 – 300mg of magnesium glycinate or citrate at meals and before bed is the recommended supplement dose by doctors.
What are the side effects of magnesium during pregnancy?
For the Mother
Potential side effects include flushing, feeling uncomfortably warm, headache, dry mouth, nausea, and blurred vision. Women often say they feel wiped out, as though they have the flu. These side effects can be uncomfortable, but they are not dangerous.
Can magnesium cause miscarriage?
Magnesium: Low magnesium is associated with increased risk of miscarriage; one study showed 100% of infertile women who normalized their magnesium and selenium levels went on to produce children. Low magnesium may also be associated with birth defects.
Can magnesium cause birth defects?
Administration of magnesium sulfate injection to pregnant women longer than 5-7 days may lead to low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby or fetus, including thin bones, called osteopenia, and bone breaks, called fractures.
How much magnesium can you take a day while pregnant?
During pregnancy, the demand for magnesium increases. 350 mg/day is the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for pregnant women aged 19-30 years. The RDI for pregnant women aged 14-18 years is 400 mg/day and the RDI for pregnancy women aged 31-50 years is 360 mg/day.
What vitamins should you avoid when pregnant?
If you’re pregnant, you should avoid supplements and multivitamins containing vitamin A (retinol) – as too much of it can harm your baby’s development. You should also avoid liver and liver products (including fish liver oil), as they are high in vitamin A.
Why should you avoid magnesium in the last trimester?
Magnesium-containing antacids should be avoided during the last trimester of pregnancy because it could interfere with uterine contractions during labor.
What does magnesium do during labor?
Magnesium sulfate is given as an intravenous infusion or intramuscular injection in the hospital over 12 to 48 hours. It relaxes smooth muscle tissues, which helps to prevent seizures and slow uterine contractions.
Is it harmful to take magnesium?
When taken in very large amounts (greater than 350 mg daily), magnesium is POSSIBLY UNSAFE. Large doses might cause too much magnesium to build up in the body, causing serious side effects including an irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, confusion, slowed breathing, coma, and death.
Does magnesium help pregnancy headaches?
Magnesium has been shown in several studies to be helpful for migraine prevention, and is frequently used for other reasons in pregnancy and is considered safe. One study used magnesium citrate doses of up to 600 mg per day. Riboflavin (vitamin B-2) also has been shown to reduce migraines at a dose of 400 mg daily.
Can I refuse magnesium during labor?
The FDA today advised clinicians not to give pregnant women magnesium sulfate to prevent preterm labor for more than 5 to 7 days because it may harm developing fetal bones.