Approximately 3% of pregnant women are affected by some form of liver disease during pregnancy. Some of these conditions can be fatal for both the mother and child. In addition, 3 types of liver disease need to be differentiated during pregnancy.
What causes liver problems when pregnant?
The hormones your body releases during pregnancy change the way the gallbladder works. This may cause bile to slow or stop flowing. Bile builds up in the liver and spills into the bloodstream.
How can I keep my liver healthy during pregnancy?
13 Ways to a Healthy Liver
- Maintain a healthy weight. …
- Eat a balanced diet. …
- Exercise regularly. …
- Avoid toxins. …
- Use alcohol responsibly. …
- Avoid the use of illicit drugs. …
- Avoid contaminated needles. …
- Get medical care if you’re exposed to blood.
What are the symptoms of liver problems in pregnancy?
The patient who is pregnant or recently pregnant may present liver problems in pregnancy. Depending on the disease, a constellation of symptoms can be found. Presentations include abnormal liver tests, pruritus, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, right upper quadrant pain, ascites, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Can pregnancy affect liver?
Liver disease in pregnancy encompasses a spectrum of diseases encountered during gestation and the postpartum period that result in abnormal liver function tests, hepatobiliary dysfunction, or both. It occurs in 3% to 10% of all pregnancies. Several disorders contribute to liver disease in pregnancy (Box 1).
Is liver good during pregnancy?
Rich in vitamins, minerals, and protein, liver is generally considered a healthy and nutrient-dense food. However, liver contains a very high concentration of preformed vitamin A, which can be dangerous during pregnancy.
Should a pregnant woman eat liver?
You shouldn’t eat liver, or liver products, such as liver sausage or pate, while you’re pregnant, or if you’re trying for a baby. Liver contains very high levels of retinol, which is a type of vitamin A.
Which liver disease is most fatal in pregnancy?
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare but a serious condition that is unique to pregnancy and happens in the third trimester. AFLP can lead to significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality[20,58].
Where do you feel pain from the liver?
Liver pain can take several forms. Most people feel it as a dull, throbbing sensation in the upper right abdomen. Liver pain can also feel like a stabbing sensation that takes your breath away.
How do I know if I have cholestasis of pregnancy?
Intense itching is the main symptom of cholestasis of pregnancy. There is no rash. Most women feel itchy on the palms of their hands or the soles of their feet, but some women feel itchy everywhere. The itching is often worse at night and may be so bothersome that you can’t sleep.
What happens if liver function is high in pregnancy?
Symptoms associated with acute fatty liver of pregnancy include anorexia, nausea, emesis, abdominal pain, jaundice, headache and central nervous system disturbances.
Does pregnancy cause fatty liver?
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (or hepatic lipidosis of pregnancy) usually manifests in the third trimester of pregnancy, but may occur any time in the second half of pregnancy, or in the puerperium, the period immediately after delivery. On average, the disease presents during the 35th or 36th week of pregnancy.