During pregnancy, it’s important not to get too much preformed vitamin A, which can cause birth defects and liver toxicity in high doses. (However, it’s safe and beneficial to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables high in carotenoids.)
How much vitamin A is safe during pregnancy?
Because of the teratogenic effects secondary to excessive vitamin A intake, the WHO recommends as safe during pregnancy a maximum dose of up to 10,000 IU daily or 25,000 IU weekly after the first 60 days of gestation [10,12,38].
Why vitamin A is harmful during pregnancy?
Given that vitamin A is fat soluble, your body stores excess amounts in the liver. This accumulation can have toxic effects on the body and lead to liver damage. It can even cause birth defects. For example, excessive amounts of vitamin A during pregnancy has been shown to cause congenital birth abnormalities.
Does vitamin A cause birth defects?
Women who consume excessive amounts of vitamin A during the early months of pregnancy can cause serious birth defects in their unborn children, a large new study has shown.
What vitamins should be avoided during pregnancy?
For example, high doses of vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin D or vitamin E can be dangerous. It’s best not to take these vitamins as supplements in pregnancy. It’s also best to avoid foods that may be very high in vitamin A, including liver and liver products such as pâté.
What is the most important vitamin during pregnancy?
1- FOLIC ACID
Folate (vitamin B9) is required by the body in higher quantities during pregnancy to help development of your baby’s neural system and for decreasing the chance of birth defects of the brain, spine and spinal cord (neural tube defects) such as spina bifida.
Is it OK to take Vitamin C while pregnant?
You can easily get the vitamin C you need from fruits and vegetables, and your prenatal vitamins also contain vitamin C. It’s not a good idea to take large doses of vitamin C when you’re pregnant. The maximum daily amount that’s considered safe is 1800 mg for women 18 and younger and 2000 mg for women 19 and over.
What is the best vitamins for pregnant?
All nutrients are important, but these six play a key role in your baby’s growth and development during pregnancy:
- Folic acid.
- Vitamin D.
What vitamins cause teratogenicity?
Background: Studies in animals indicate that natural forms of vitamin A are teratogenic. Synthetic retinoids chemically similar to vitamin A cause birth defects in humans; as in animals, the defects appear to affect tissues derived from the cranial neural crest.
What happens if vitamin A is too high?
Yes, high intakes of some forms of vitamin A can be harmful. Getting too much preformed vitamin A (usually from supplements or certain medicines) can cause dizziness, nausea, headaches, coma, and even death. High intakes of preformed vitamin A in pregnant women can also cause birth defects in their babies.
What food is found in vitamin A?
The top food sources of vitamin A in the U.S. diet include dairy products, liver, fish, and fortified cereals; the top sources of provitamin A include carrots, broccoli, cantaloupe, and squash [4,5].
Should I take folic acid after 12 weeks?
You usually take folic acid once a day, but sometimes you only need to take it once a week. Most adults and children can take folic acid. If you’re pregnant or trying for a baby, it’s recommended you take folic acid until you’re 12 weeks pregnant. It helps your baby grow normally.
What causes a miscarriage?
Most miscarriages occur because the fetus isn’t developing as expected. About 50 percent of miscarriages are associated with extra or missing chromosomes. Most often, chromosome problems result from errors that occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows — not problems inherited from the parents.