Babies exposed to drugs in utero may experience developmental consequences including impaired growth, birth defects, and altered brain development. Prenatal drug exposure may impact the child’s behavior, language, cognition, and achievement long term.
What happens to babies born addicted to drugs?
Once the supply of drugs (delivered through the mother’s umbilical cord) goes away, babies can experience painful withdrawal symptoms and other health problems. In newborns, this type of withdrawal is called neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). NAS can be caused by exposure to many different drugs.
How can drugs affect a child’s development?
When children are being neglected due to parental substance abuse, developmental problems often arise, such as speech delays, malnutrition, and cognitive functioning issues. Parental drug use during pregnancy can result in birth defects, attachment problems and drug-affected newborns.
How long do babies go through withdrawal?
Newborn drug withdrawal can last for as long as 6 months, be very troubling for parents, and cause many health problems in a newborn baby. If a woman is pregnant or planning to be pregnant, she should avoid using addictive drugs or alcohol to help keep her baby safe.
What are the long-term effects of NAS?
NAS may lead to long-term health and development problems, including hearing and vision problems and problems with learning and behavior. If you’re pregnant and taking opioids, tell your provider right away.
What is it called when a child is born addicted to drugs?
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of problems that occurs in a newborn who was exposed to opioid drugs for a length of time while in the mother’s womb.
What happens if a newborn tests positive for drugs?
Exposure to maternal drug use during gestation may adversely affect neonatal development and may lead to acute adverse events, including neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and infant mortality. Prenatal drug exposure may also contribute to long-term behavioral effects and developmental deficits.
How far back does a drug test go on a newborn?
The detection window for most drugs of abuse in meconium and umbilical cord tissue testing is up to approximately 20 weeks prior to birth.
Is NAS considered a disability?
More than 19 percent of children with a history of NAS were evaluated for potential disabilities, compared with 14 percent of the healthy control group, the researchers found. More NAS babies also met state criteria for an educational disability: 16 percent versus 12 percent.
How long do NAS babies stay in hospital?
The NAS signs and symptoms will lessen during your baby’s hospital stay. Your baby will stay in the hospital 24 – 48 hours after the last dose of medication is given, for observation. Many babies who need medication for NAS, stay in the hospital up to 3-4 weeks, and sometimes may stay longer.