What causes meningitis in child?

How does a kid get meningitis?

Many of the bacteria and viruses that cause meningitis are fairly common and cause other routine illnesses. Both kinds of meningitis spread like most other common infections do — someone who’s infected touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What are the common causes of meningitis?

Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

  • meningococcal bacteria – there are several different types, called A, B, C, W, X, Y and Z.
  • pneumococcal bacteria.
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
  • enteroviruses – viruses that usually only cause a mild stomach infection.
  • the mumps virus.

How do I know if my child has meningitis?

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia in babies and toddlers.

  1. Fever, cold hands and feet.
  2. Refusing food and vomiting.
  3. Fretful, dislike being handled.
  4. Drowsy, floppy, unresponsive.
  5. Rapid breathing or grunting.
  6. Pale, blotchy skin. Spots/rash.
  7. Unusual cry, moaning.
  8. Tense, bulging fontanelle (soft spot)

Why are children at risk for meningitis?

Certain age groups are at increased risk of catching meningitis and septicaemia. Young children are particularly at risk because they have less developed immune systems than older age groups. Vaccines allow young children to safely recognise harmful bacteria and provide vital protection for this vulnerable age group.

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Can a child survive meningitis?

Out of 1,000 live births, about 0.1 to 0.4 neonates (a baby less than 28 days old) get meningitis, estimates a 2017 review. It’s a serious condition, but 90 percent of these babies survive.

Can a child get meningitis if vaccinated?

Types of meningitis: viral and bacterial

Bacterial meningitis (several types of bacteria are involved) is a very serious disease. It occurs rarely in developed countries (because of the success of vaccines), but when it does occur, children under the age of two are at greatest risk.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitis

  • Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. …
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. …
  • Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. …
  • Parasitic meningitis. …
  • Non-infectious meningitis.

Who is generally at highest risk for meningitis Why?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease, but rates of disease are highest in children younger than 1 year old, with a second peak in adolescence. Among teens and young adults, those 16 through 23 years old have the highest rates of meningococcal disease.

How is meningitis detected?

For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you’ll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein.

Does meningitis go away by itself?

Viral meningitis will usually get better on its own and rarely causes any long-term problems. Most people with bacterial meningitis who are treated quickly will also make a full recovery, although some are left with serious long-term problems.

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What gender is most affected by meningitis?

Meningococcal meningitis primarily affects infants, children, and young adults. Males are affected slightly more than females, and account for 55% of all cases, with an incidence of 1.2 cases per 100,000 population, compared to 1 case per 100,000 population among females.